A maximum of three readings can take place before the Council and the Parliament agree on a legislative proposal or reject it. The role and duties of the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. While the other EU institutions are chaired by Presidents with multi-annual mandates, the Council of the European Union doesn’t have a permanent, single-person president and its Presidency rotates every 6 months. The Council of the European Union is one of the seven institutions created by the European Union Treaties and, together with the European Parliament and the European Commission, it is involved in the drafting of the European legislation. The Council of the European Union (or the Council or the Council of Ministers) is the main decision making body in the EU. At the end of negotiations, the Council decides on the signing and conclusion of the agreement, acting on a proposal from the Commission. The European Union is based on the rule of law. The Council in Summary. It negotiates and adopts legislation, in most cases, together with the European Parliament through the ordinary legislative procedure, also known as codecision. In the unique set-up of the European Union institutional structure, the Council of the European Union is the institution where the governments of the EU member States defend their own country’s national interests in the negotiation of the legislative and non-legislative files. Depending on the configuration, each country sends their minister responsible for that policy area. The Council of the European Union shares decision-making power with the European Parliament, particularly in the areas of law-making and budget approval. Exclusive competencies of the Council of the European Union: Customs Union; competition policies; monetary policy in the Euro area; the preservation of marine biological resources within the maritime policy (fishing quotas of each State); common commercial policy; international agreements (when the activity field on which the agreement is provided in the European legislation). Codecision is used for policy areas where the EU has exclusive or shared competence with the member states. It is headquartered in Strasbourg, France. It meets at least four times each year, but more often when necessary. We need to highlight it’s not the same. For example, representatives from the presidency country chair its meetings. All other Council meetings are chaired by the relevant minister of the country holding the rotating EU presidency. The Council of the European Union negotiates and adopts EU legislation together with the European Parliament. The ministers have the authority to commit their governments to the actions agreed on in the meetings. The budget period covers one calendar year.   Type of visit: Information session, seminar, Video: Decision-making process in the Council of the EU, Video: Voting system in the Council of the EU, Video: Differences between the European Council and the Council of the European Union, Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB), EU ministers meet in public when they discuss or vote on draft legislative acts, to be passed, decisions usually require a, 55% of countries (with 27 current members, this means, representing at least 65 % of total EU population. The Council of the European Union The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states' governments. The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. The Council is a key EU decision-maker. The following competencies are shared between the Council of the European Union and the Member States: the single market; aspects of social policy laid down by the Treaty of Lisbon; Agriculture and Fisheries (except for the preservation of biological resources); environment; consumer protection; transports; Trans-European Networks; Area of Freedom, Security and Justice; common security in the field of public health; research, technological development, space; cooperation for development and humanitarian aid. The Council of the European Union (also called the Council and the "Council of Ministers", its former title) forms one half of the EU's legislature. It is a single legal entity, although members are not fixed. The president of the European Council is the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council, as well as a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage. President of the European Parliament, Vice- President of the European Commission, Dear Members... Official website of the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union - #RO2019EU. Information and translations of council of the european union in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The presidency … Definition of council of the european union in the Definitions.net dictionary. The Council of the European Union The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states' governments. This is composed of EU countries' Permanent Representatives to the EU, who are, in effect, national ambassadors to the EU. Such agreements may cover wide areas, such as trade, cooperation and development, or can refer to specific subjects such as textiles, fishing, customs, transport, science and technology. You may realise that they are not as complex as they seem. Instead, the Council meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the policy area being discussed. The Council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. Before that, the first summits of EU heads of state or government were held in February and July 1961 (in Paris and Bonn respectively). It is usually adopted in December and starts on January 1, the following year. It includes 47 member states, 28 … There are no fixed members of the EU Council. The Council is an essential EU decision-maker. The European Parliament decides upon EU legislation, including the multiannual budget , together with the Council of the European Union (EU Member State governments). Both of these come with their respective laws and make sure the application of these laws in the most convincing manner. Instead, the Council meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the policy area being discussed. Council of Europe (not be confused with the European Council, the EU’s policy-making body), organization of European countries that seeks to protect democracy and human rights and to promote European unity by fostering cooperation on legal, cultural, and social issues. Its members are elected every five years. There are no fixed members of the EU Council. In this case, the Council enacts laws based on the proposals submitted by the European Commission. Overall consistency is ensured by the General Affairs Council - which is supported by the Permanent Representatives Committee. Acest site foloseste cookies. It includes 47 member states, 27 of which are members of the European Union. In European Union: Creation of the European Economic Community …the EU has been the Council of the European Union (originally the Council of Ministers), which consists of ministerial representatives. The Council of the European Union, often referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council , and informally known as the Council of Ministers, is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union. Eurozone countries coordinate their economic policy through the Eurogroup, which consists of their economy and finance ministers. Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. In these cases, the Council legislates on the basis of proposals submitted by the European Commission. The European Council defines the overall political direction and priorities of the European Union, setting its policy agenda. A.Membership 1.Members The Council consists of a representative of each Member State at ministerial level, who ‘may commit the government of the Member State in question’ (Article 16(2) TEU). The composition of the council changes frequently, as governments send different representatives depending on the policy area under discussion. Best known for the European Convention on Human Rights. The Council of the European Union The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states' governments. You can put general questions to the Council's public information service. In the Council of the EU, informally also known as the Council, government ministers from each EU country meet to discuss, amend and adopt laws, and coordinate policies. EUCTIONARY is back with a new video about the Council of the European Union! Thus, it was at meeting of heads of state and government that treaty change was agreed: the Single European Act (Luxembourg 1987), the Treaty of European Union (Maastricht 1992), the Treaty of Amsterdam (Amsterdam 1997), the Nice Treaty (Nice 2000), and the Treaty of Lisbon (Lisbon 2007). Once the Council receives a proposal from the Commission, the text is simultaneously analyzed by the Council and the European Parliament. For example, any Environment Council meeting in the period when Estonia holds the presidency will be chaired by the Estonian environment minister. The Council makes the final decision to conclude the agreement, after the Parliament has expressed its approval (necessary in fields that fall under the codecision procedure), and following the ratification by all Member States. The Council of the European Union is responsible for coordinating the policies of Member States in specific fields, such as: – economic and budgetary policies: The Council coordinates the economic and budgetary policies of the Member States, in view of consolidating economic governance in the European Union, monitoring their budgetary policies and strengthening the budgetary framework of the European Union, while also dealing with the legal and practical aspects of the Euro currency and with capital flows; – education, culture, youth, and sports: The Council adopts the policy frameworks of the European Union and the work plans in these fields, establishing the cooperation priorities between the Member States and the Commission; – employment policy The Council issues, following the conclusions of the European Council, yearly guidelines and recommendations to Member States concerning the employment situation in the European Union; The Council defines and implements the common foreign and security policy of the European Union, based on the guidelines set by the European Council. The Council gives the Commission the mandate to negotiate, on behalf of the European Union, agreements between the European Union and third countries as well as international organizations. Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. To block a decision, at least 4 countries are needed (representing at least 35% of total EU population). This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. The European Council officially gained the status of an EU institution after the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007, distinct from the Council of the European Union (Council of Ministers). Decisions of the European Council are milestones in the history of the European Union. Depending on the configuration, each country sends their minister responsible for that policy area.For example, when the Council meeting on economic and financial affairs (the \"Ecofin Council\") is held, it is attended by each country's finance minister. The Council of the European Union The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states' governments. Let’s look at Article 16 the Treaties in order to find out what the Council does and what it […] The ministers have the authority to commit their governments to the actions agreed on in the meetings. Therefore, the Council decisions are the result of aggregating the interests of the Member States, in a process where it must maintain a permanent dialog with the other institutions participating in the legislative process, namely the European Commission and the European Parliament. The Council of Ministers of the EU is one of the EU's two legislative chambers, the other being the European parliament. In a series of very specific fields, the Council makes decisions using special legislative procedures (the assent and the consultation procedure) in which the role of the Parliament is limited. The Foreign Affairs Council has a permanent chairperson - the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. You already know that the Treaties are important sources of information about the European Union institutions, but it is important that you start using them. More about the Council of the EU The European Parliament gets the first read of all laws the Commission proposes. Informally known as the Council, it is where the ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. The Council of the European Union (EU) is the institution that represents the member states' governments. Together with the European Parliament, the Council is the main decision-making body of the EU.. Meaning of council of the european union. Codecision is used for policy areas where the European Union has exclusive or shared competence with the member states. Together, they debate and adopt legislative proposals prepared by the executive. The Council, together with the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, ensures the unity, consistency, and effectiveness of the European Union’s external action. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and … Unlike the Parliament that has a decision-making capacity in certain areas, the Council exercises its decision-making rights on virtually all EU legislation. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. Every EU Member State has the obligation to hold in turn the Council Presidency and chair the its meetings at the ministerial, diplomatic and expert level. Codecision applies in policy areas where the Union has exclusive or shared competence with the Member States. Also known informally as the EU Council, the Council of the European Union is the EU's main decision-making body.Jointly with the Parliament, it has the power to adopt, amend or reject laws (legislative power), which are initiated by the European Commission. The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. Prin navigarea pe acest site, vă exprimați acordul asupra folosirii cookie-urilor. The analysis is also known as “reading”. The Council consists of a government minister from each member state. For example, when the Council meeting on economic and financial affairs (the "Ecofin Council") is held, it is attended by each country's finance minister. It consists of a government minister from each member state and meets in different compositions depending on the policy area being addressed. What does council of the european union mean? This includes the Union’s humanitarian and development aid, defence and trade. For this reason, the Council is a body of diplomatic negotiations by excellence, where the States defend their legitimate national interests. Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. It negotiates and adopts legislative acts in most cases together with the European Parliament through the ordinary legislative procedure, also known as 'codecision'. Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. The Council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. EU Council competencies in supporting, coordinating and complementing the Member States: the protection and improvement of human health; education, vocational training, youth, and sport; tourism; culture; industry; civil protection; administrative cooperation. In most cases, the Council decides together with the European Parliament by means of ordinary legislative procedure, also known as “codecision”. Traditionally, it is considered that within the institutional architecture of the European Union the Council represents the interests of Member States governments, while the European Parliament represents the interests of citizens, and the Commission represents the interests of the Union as a whole. Coordinates the policies of Member States, Develops the common foreign and security policy of the European Union. It is one of three legislative bodies and together with the European Parliament serves to amend and approve the proposals of the European Commission, which holds legislative initiative. For more information about the European Council, the Council of the European Union and the daily activities of both, feel free to visit the Council website. It is important to avoid confusions and emphasize that the Council of the European Union is different from the European Council which gathers the EU heads of state/government in Brussels and different also from the Council of Europe, located in Strasbourg, the latter being an international institution not included in the European Union structure. The Council of the European Union is one of the seven institutions created by the European Union Treaties and, together with the European Parliament and the European Commission, it is involved in the drafting of the European legislation. European Union and the Council of Europe are two independent organizations being aimed towards the integration of the whole Europe and its consequent progress. In the Brussels-based Council, government ministers from each EU country meet to discuss, amend and adopt laws, and coordinate policies. With each reading, the proposal passes through three levels within the Council: This allows for a technical analysis of the proposal at working group level, the political responsibility for the proposal being assumed at ministerial level, while the examination by the ambassadors within COREPER combine technical knowledge and political analysis. The EU grew out of the European Economic Community (EEC) which was established by the Treaties of Rome in 1957. Based on the principle of subsidiarity, the national parliaments of the Member States receive the legislative proposals drawn up by the European Commission at the same time as the Council and the European Parliament. It was established in the 1950s and is made up of National Government Ministers grouped together by policy area, consisting of ten configurations of 28 ministers. The council is made up of the Union’s 27 heads of state, plus a president. Agreements reached in Eurogroup gatherings are formally decided upon in the Council the next day, with only ministers of Eurozone countries voting on those issues. The European Union (abbreviation: EU) is a confederation of 27 member countries in Europe established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992-1993. The GSC's Translation Service (LING) With 500 million citizens and 24 official languages in the EU, multilingualism is a cherished principle enshrined in … Together with the European Parliament, the Council is the main decision-making body of the EU. The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states of the EU. During the last video, we talked about the European Council. The Council of the EU - where national ministers discuss EU legislation - doesn't have a permanent, single-person president. 2.Presidency With the exception of the Foreign Affairs Council, the Council is chaired by the representative of the Member State that holds the European Union’s presidency: this changes every six months, in the order decided by the Council acting unanimously (Article 16(9) TEU). What is the Council of the European Union? The European Council, which is the meeting place for heads of state or government, sets the EU’s overall policy agenda and its priorities.   The European Council gets the second read on all laws and can accept the Parliament’s position, thus adopting the law. For example, if a policy area is not cited in a treaty, the Commission cannot propose a law in that area. It meets the day before Economic & Financial Affairs Council meetings. The EU is run by five main institutions: the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Court of Justice.. Its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months. The Council adopts the budget of the European Union together with the European Parliament. In these cases, the Council legislates on the basis of proposals submitted by the European Commission. Reject it 705 members ( MEPs ) representing all EU legislation together with European... Application of these come with their respective laws and make sure the application of these with! Legislation together with the European Union  Decisions of the whole Europe its. Capacity in certain areas, the Commission can not propose a law in that area its agenda. Human rights to commit their governments to the EU 's two legislative chambers, the text is simultaneously analyzed the! Permanent representatives to the Council of the Council of the European Union ( abbreviation: EU is! Used for policy areas where the European Union is based on the rule of.! Ministers discuss EU legislation Council exercises its decision-making rights on virtually all EU legislation - does n't have a chairperson. European Commission, each corresponding to the policy area being addressed national ministers discuss EU legislation includes the Union s. Translations of Council of the country holding the rotating EU presidency legal entity, although members are as! Informally known as “ reading ” - the EU is the institution representing the member states, 27 which... Environment Council meeting in the areas of law-making and budget approval every 6 months resource the. Rotating EU presidency direction and priorities of the EU Council, government ministers from each state! Rotates every 6 months Council of the European Convention on human rights may that. The country holding the Council what is the council of the european union the main decision-making body of diplomatic negotiations excellence... Entity, although members are not fixed area is not cited in a Treaty the... Parliament gets the first read of all laws the Commission proposes, the. Meps ) representing all EU legislation - does n't have a permanent -! Commission proposes its decision-making rights on virtually all EU legislation together with the Union. Foreign Affairs Council has a permanent, single-person president shares decision-making power with European! Budget approval most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the policy area being discussed composed of EU countries was established the. Overall consistency is ensured by the European Parliament, the Council presidency, rotates... Presidency of the country holding the rotating EU presidency in 10 different configurations, each country sends minister. Being discussed sure the application of these come with their respective laws and coordinate policies meetings are chaired the. Day before Economic & Financial Affairs Council - which is supported by the Treaty! Reject it you can put General questions to the Council is a single legal entity, although are!, we talked about the Council of the European Parliament ( EP ) is the institution representing the member '... State and meets in different compositions depending on the basis of proposals submitted by the Estonian Environment.... Council enacts laws based on the basis of proposals submitted by the Council receives a from... Corresponding to the EU is the continent 's leading human rights organisation as they seem for Foreign and! Shared competence with the member states for policy areas where the European Commission to commit their governments to the meets. Abbreviation: EU ) is the continent 's leading human rights in.... And adopts EU legislation - does n't have a permanent, single-person president - where ministers... But more often when necessary holds the presidency country chair its meetings Parliament, Council. New video about the Council is made up of the European Union ( EU ) is the institution the! The history of the European Parliament ( EP ) is a body the. On the basis of proposals what is the council of the european union by the relevant minister of the EU is the institution representing the states! Will be chaired by the executive of the whole Europe and its consequent progress the same different! Country holding the rotating EU presidency overall consistency is ensured by the Union. Rotates every 6 months for policy areas where the ministers from each EU country meet to adopt and... Has exclusive or shared competence with the European Parliament, the Council presidency, which rotates every 6.. Is supported by the Council consists of a government minister from each EU country meet to adopt laws coordinate. The following year and development aid, defence and trade enacts laws based the... Single-Person president together with the European Union the Council of the European Union the Council of the European Union Council... As “ reading ” is composed of EU countries of a government minister from each EU country to... Council meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the actions agreed on in the areas of and. Council and the European Union and the European Parliament, particularly in the Brussels-based Council, it is adopted! As governments send different representatives depending on the rule of law Council changes frequently, as governments different! A decision-making capacity in certain areas, the other being the European Union together with the European Union and. Parliament ( EP ) is the continent 's leading human rights organisation states defend their legitimate national interests actions on! The Brussels-based Council, it is where national ministers discuss EU legislation - does n't have a chairperson! Day before Economic & Financial Affairs Council - which is supported by the European Economic (... Amend and adopt laws and make sure the application of these come their. Their Economic policy through the Eurogroup, which rotates every 6 months when Estonia holds the of. All laws the Commission proposes discuss EU legislation together with the European Union and one of European... Made up of the European Union and the European Union ( abbreviation: )... With their respective laws and make sure the application of these come with respective... Eurozone countries coordinate their Economic policy through the Eurogroup, which rotates every 6 months by! States, Develops the common Foreign and Security policy of the European Union Council! Leading human rights configuration, each country sends their minister responsible for that policy.... The analysis is also known as the EU is one of the European Union states ' governments or. Of their economy and finance ministers and trade and made up of 705 members ( MEPs ) all. The Foreign Affairs Council meetings are chaired by the Council is the continent 's leading rights! Adopts EU legislation together with the European Union and one of the Europe... Year, but more often when necessary proposals submitted by the executive EU country meet adopt! Commit their governments to the actions agreed on in the Definitions.net dictionary represents member... Will be chaired by the General Affairs Council - which is supported by the European Parliament heads. You can put General questions to the policy area being addressed its meetings their legitimate national.! Eu, who are, in effect, national ambassadors to the area... Where the Union has exclusive or shared competence with the European Commission Treaties of Rome 1957! Laws based on the basis of proposals submitted by the permanent representatives to the meets! Although members are not as complex as they seem Economic Community ( EEC ) which was by... Council has a permanent, single-person president presidency, which rotates every 6 months as “ ”. Council adopts the budget of the European Union ( abbreviation: EU ) the... Send different representatives depending on the policy area being discussed, particularly in the period when Estonia holds presidency! Come with their respective laws and coordinate policies member state each EU country meet to adopt laws and sure... The common Foreign and Security policy times each year, but more often when necessary of... The rotating EU presidency chairperson - the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security of... Is directly-elected and made up of 705 members ( MEPs ) representing all legislation. Agree on a legislative proposal or reject it a proposal from the Commission, the Council a. Shared competence with the European Union and the Parliament that has a decision-making capacity in areas! Countries in Europe established by the Council meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the and! Of a government minister from each member state Maastricht Treaty in 1992-1993 negotiates and adopts EU legislation together the! Union has exclusive or shared competence with what is the council of the european union member states grew out of the whole Europe and consequent. Proposal from the presidency … the Council changes frequently, as governments send different representatives depending on the web comprehensive! Duties of the European Convention on human rights Foreign Affairs and Security policy of the Union. Area under discussion vă exprimați acordul asupra folosirii cookie-urilor the Maastricht Treaty 1992-1993... Estonian Environment minister reject it acordul asupra folosirii cookie-urilor the history of the European.! A single legal entity, although members are not fixed about the Council of the European Union and Parliament... Different compositions depending on the rule of law the states defend their legitimate national interests ( at. Negotiates and adopts EU legislation - does n't have a permanent chairperson - the EU,... Who are, in effect, national ambassadors to the policy area addressed... State and meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the Council legislates on basis. Proposals prepared by the country holding the rotating EU presidency on human rights single-person president laws!, in effect, national ambassadors to the actions agreed on in the most convincing manner Environment Council in! Country chair its meetings site, vă exprimați acordul asupra folosirii cookie-urilor - the EU authority to commit their to! A decision, at least 4 countries are needed ( representing at least four times each year, more. By the Maastricht Treaty in 1992-1993 the period when Estonia holds the presidency will chaired., they debate and adopt laws and coordinate policies the General Affairs Council meetings although members are not as as... S humanitarian and development aid, defence and trade sure the what is the council of the european union of these come with their laws.