Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns. ’Bush knives’ (machetes) and firearms are often used in assaults and thefts. The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Papua New Guinea (PNG) at Level 2, indicating travelers should exercise increased caution. Due to equipment failures and shortages of common medications, even routine treatments and procedures (e.g., X-rays) may be unavailable. Crime rates in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Following PNG’s ongoing affairs surrounding corruption, the National Anti-Corruption Authority (NACA) was established in April 2004, in an attempt to reduce negative implications. 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report: Papua New Guinea. Country Report: Papua New Guinea. The systems typically used in more developed countries to vet prospective candidates for employment are not present in PNG. While drug trafficking is considered the foundation of organised crime, money laundering and cybercrime still occur. Due to a lack of security measures for the public sector, foreigners face a substantially lower crime rate than that faced by the public. Crime is not limited to land in PNG; there have been cases of piracy in some coastal areas, with most recent cases taking place in the Alotau/Milne Bay regions. Hobart is the capital city of the Australian state of Tasmania. One such scam involves the baby car seat/crying baby hoax. Violent crime The law and order situation in Papua New Guinea continues to pose serious risks to travellers. Recent government protests and tribal fighting have caused major destruction to government buildings and public infrastructure in the Southern Highlands and Hela Provinces. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) and landmines are abundant in Bougainville, East New Britain, and throughout many of PNG’s islands. (1999). If you scuba dive or snorkel while in Papua New Guinea, be sure to check the references, licenses, and equipment of tour operators before agreeing to a tour. Available medical facilities range from hospitals in Port Moresby and the larger towns to aid posts (including some missionary stations) in remote areas. When traveling to remote regions, carrying redundant means of communication and tracking devices is strongly recommended. Targeted boats are usually carrying goods from island to island or from main trading centers to smaller villages along the coast. There have been demonstrations regarding government entitlements and landowner disputes regarding payments associated with natural resource projects. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. (2019). There is serious risk from crime in Port Moresby. There is also a growing concern over the local manufacture and use of synthetic drugs. Wages per month are calculated as 4.33 times if a weekly wage is defined. Local businesses such as marinas and boating clubs usually play a large role in monitoring clients boating in their area. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 2019. Motor vehicle accidents are a common cause of serious injury. Retrieved from, Ottley, B., & Zorn, J. Though local police services are renowned as unresponsive and corrupt, the RPNGC works effectively with Interpol - National Central Bureau (NCB) to fight organised crime. Inflation is a recurring problem. The American Citizen Services (ACS) unit deals with U.S. citizen arrests and can be reached at the main Embassy number (+675 308 2100) or at the Embassy Duty officer number (+675 7200 9439) after hours. *Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population. [23] Violence and conflicts between government officials and traditional owners concerning legal rights have obstructed the government’s attempts to create proper housing in many cases. Strait 'soft target' for drug traffickers. Papua New Guinea unemployment rate for 2018 was 2.42%, a 0.06% decline from 2017. Retrieved from, Overseas Security Advisory Council. It is not uncommon for police officers to use roadblocks to solicit bribes, particularly before holidays. (2019). Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for medical services. [16] Harvey also highlighted the importance of awareness of the topic and suggested ongoing education and training to increase knowledge of the public and the government. Additionally, expatriate workers in PNG have been taken hostage as a means to renegotiate contracts that were previously agreed upon. 1. During the rainy season, landslides occur on stretches of the Highlands Highway between Lae and Mount Hagen. Heavy rains have also caused landslides and flooding outside of Port Moresby. The Newcastle Herald. Drug traffickers also exploit Papua New Guinea’s weak border security while communication between drug traffickers and corrupt government officials promote illegal activity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for PNG regarding the recent outbreak of vaccine-derived poliovirus in the Morobe Province. Bag snatchers may try to open doors of automobiles that are stopped or moving slowly in traffic. For every 1,000 babies born in Papua New Guinea in 2018, 48 die before their 5th birthday. Travelers who have received all the routine childhood polio vaccinations as well as a single booster dose of polio vaccine as an adult have essentially no risk of infection with the vaccine-derived polio that is circulating in PNG. The geographically appealing qualities of Papua New Guinea and its surrounding islands also promotes illegal drug and human trafficking as critical issues. ABC News. Detained U.S. citizens concerned that the Department of State may not be aware of their situation should request that police or prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy of their arrest. As a partial result of growth within the informal economy, more than half of inhabitants in PNG’s capital city of Port Moresby are living in squatter settlements. Tuberculosis, Zika, HIV, and other infectious diseases are also present. Bag snatchers may try to open doors of automobiles that are stopped or moving slowly in traffic. Would you like to continue with this session or log out? Criminal gangs use any means necessary to force passengers from their vehicles. Manpower and Unemployment Research in Africa, 6(1), 3-10. Authorities in PNG have addressed the issue, however, significant measures have not yet been taken to prevent trafficking and exploitation of individuals. Animosity between local tribes and clans is also responsible for the presence of crime occurring as a result of civil unrest. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for PNG regarding the recent outbreak of vaccine-derived poliovirus in the Morobe Province. Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea currency (PGK). Retrieved from, Wikipedia contributors. for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. A main contributor to the rising unemployment levels in PNG can be attributed to a lack of educational opportunities which has created a low literacy rate of 63.4%. Illegal substances as such intended for sale in Australia are normally transported through waters surrounding PNG hidden in small vessels as to deter border security.[22]. Transnational terrorism is uncommon in PNG. . PNG is located in an active seismic region known as the “Ring of Fire.” The country regularly experiences earthquakes, volcanic activity, and cyclones, and is occasionally threatened by tsunamis. In 2016-17, the RPNGC faced extreme budget cuts further exacerbating the problem. If you, as the victim, are not capable of reporting the crime in person, someone else may file a police report on your behalf. In most of the cases, the kidnappers were paid relatively small amounts. Papua New Guinea is notorious for its high crime rates and subsequently dangerous travelling and living conditions. The major cities of Port Moresby, Mt Hagen and Lae, in particular, have become hotspots for many forms of violent, criminal behaviour including, but not limited to theft, carjacking, breaking and entering, domestic violence, sexual assault, and murder. The CDC has additional information and advice on the outbreak on their website. Violent crime, including armed robbery, carjacking, home invasions and sexual assault, is common throughout the country, especially in urban areas such as Port Moresby, Lae and Mt Hagen. Papua New Guinea unemployment rate for 2017 was 2.48%, a 0.06% decline from 2016. Criminal roadblocks on the Highlands Highway may occur during daylight hours, but are more common at night. Carjacking, assault (including sexual assaults), bag snatching and robberies are common. The use of public transportation is not recommended and should be avoided due to the lack of safe and reliable services. Retrieved from, Conroy, J. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. The Guardian. A long-term deficit of resources, corruption as well as a lack of strength in numbers also stand as ongoing and disruptive restrictions. Many criminals turn increasingly aggressive during the commission of a crime, which may result in grievous bodily harm or death. Victims of crime who have left the country can report the crime to the Embassy of Papua New Guinea in the U.S. Pharmacies are typically small and may be inadequately stocked. Law and Order in a Weak State: Crime and Politics in Papua New Guinea. However, the vast majority of visitors who exercise common sense and apply appropriate security measures are able to move around the city safely and to conduct business without significant issues. There are risks involved in visiting Papua New Guinea. Accidents often involve vehicles traveling on the wrong side of the road in an attempt to avoid potholes. Although this metric is only a measure of the perceived level of corruption in the public sector, PNG’s low score should underscore the importance that the public and private sectors place on preventing corruption and promoting integrity. However, westerners are often targeted by thieves as they are seen as affluent in comparison to PNG locals. Travelers should be particularly cautious of the threat of pickpocketing when in crowded public places, especially local public markets. Corruption of government officials has aggravated the issue by their acceptance of bribes such as the provision of female trafficking victims in return for political favours. The Papua New Guinea Government has passed the Cybercrime Bill, which applies to the use of electronic systems and devices, including: spam, hacking, forgery and computer fraud. Corruption, referring to the criminal wrongdoing of individuals in a position of power for personal gain, is prevalent throughout Papua New Guinea. According to the most recent census, the population of the city is just over 400,000 people. Raskol gangs are gangs known in Papua New Guinea to engage in all small and large-scale criminal activity. Retrieved from, Wikipedia contributors. There is moderate risk from civil unrest in Port Moresby. Despite being endowed with a wealth of natural resources, the country struggles to provide basic education, health, and infrastructure services. No woman should die to give life. Though capital punishment is legal in Papua New Guinea, it has not been inflicted on an individual since November 1954. Many of the businesses in Port Moresby have gated parking lots with guards on duty. Latest releases of new datasets and data updates from different sources around the world Data Briefs Curated by Knoema’s data analysts to deliver leading short-term and long-term indicators and forecasts from trusted sources for each of the covered industries. Crimes committed by younger members, particularly those under the age of 18 have been heavily attributed to unrestricted access to drugs and alcohol. Retrieved from, Dinnen, S. (2001). Also corruption is rife. Crime throughout the country, particularly violence-related, has been influenced mainly by rapid social, political and economic changes. Papua New Guinea’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 was 1.95%. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for, OSAC constituents who are interested in engaging with the Port Moresby Country Council and/or connecting the Regional Security Office should contact OSAC’s, Hours: Monday-Friday, 0800-1700 (except U.S. and, External links to other internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein, Trends in Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Drivers of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Gates, Hired Guns and Mistrust: Business Unusual, The Socio-economic Costs of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights, State Department’s medical insurance overseas page. A ‘ten-year plan’; The National Law and Justice Policy and Plan of Action 2001-2010, was also introduced in order to evolve a Victim Support Policy and reinforce the government’s existing support structures.[31]. Men, women and children are involved in sexual exploitation, forced prostitution, forced labour and domestic servitude as the most common forms. (2019). U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information, Douglas Street (downtown), adjacent the Bank of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, Hours: Monday-Friday, 0800-1700 (except U.S. and PNG holidays), Website: http://portmoresby.usembassy.gov/, Consular Coverage for Multi-post Countries. (2020). Expatriate women should take extreme caution while in PNG, as they face a higher risk of sexual assault. Papua New Guinea acts as a large domestic market for high-quality marijuana,[17] as well as an international thoroughfare for numerous other illicit drugs. If you anticipate the possible need for medical treatment in Australia, you should obtain entry permission from Australia in advance. The American Journal of Comparative Law, 31(2), 251-300. doi:10.2307/839827, Pitts, M. (2001, November 2). Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea.It is bordered by the state of Papua New Guinea to the east, the province of West Papua to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the north, and the Arafura Sea to the south. Papua New Guinea has a crime index of 80.04. Although drug trafficking in this sense is not directly regarding violence, it is often a catalyst of feuds between cultural groups. Though these are now five years old, they remain relevant. The contents of this (U) report in no way represent the policies, views, or attitudes of the United States Department of State, In Papua New Guinea, the proportion of population with access to electricity in 2017 is 54.4%. Papua New Guinea unemployment rate was at level of 2.5 % in 2019, up from 2.4 % previous year. The most commonly used facilities are in Brisbane and Cairns (Australia). Before traveling overseas, ensure your insurance covers you outside of the U.S. For more information, visit the State Department’s medical insurance overseas page. The major cities of Port Moresby, Mt Hagen and Lae, in particular, have become hotspots for many forms of violent, criminal behaviour including, but not limited to theft, carjacking, breaking and entering, domestic violence, sexual assault, and murder.[7]. If you do file a report, please send a copy to the Embassy, along with your address and phone number, in case they need to communicate with you. As such, travelers are advised to exercise caution when driving through rural areas. While PNG has made improvements in its enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPR), IPR theft remains a significant concern. In May, O’Neill resigned, and parliament elected James Marape prime minister. Papua New Guinea Individual - Taxes on personal income Last reviewed - 04 January 2021. Crime prevention and law enforcement services in Papua New Guinea lie primarily in the hands of the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC);[6] however, local police services are typically unreliable. Violent crime The law and order situation in Papua New Guinea continues to pose serious risks to travellers. OSAC constituents who are interested in engaging with the Port Moresby Country Council and/or connecting the Regional Security Office should contact OSAC’s East Asia-Pacific team. Papua New Guinea. Robbery rate Knoema, an Eldridge business, is the most comprehensive source of global decision-making data in the world. Medical evacuation companies charge thousands of dollars for transport to Australia or the U.S. Retrieved from, Drug Trafficking in PNG Growing. Criminal Law in Papua New Guinea: Code, Custom and the Courts in Conflict. Due to equipment failures and shortages of common medications, even routine treatments and procedures (e.g., X-rays) may be unavailable. Unemployment rate can be defined by either the national definition, the ILO harmonized definition, or the OECD harmonized definition. Police rely heavily on Australian Police counterparts to assist in making inroads to stop the illicit drug trade. Organised crime is widespread throughout Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea unemployment rate for 2019 was 2.46%, a 0.04% increase from 2018. (1973). Criminal groups may use this to stop a slow-moving vehicle and rob its occupants or forcibly take the vehicle. Port Moresby suffers from high unemployment, with up to half of the population reportedly living in squatter settlements. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Papua New Guinea. PNG fisherman uncovers 60 kilograms of suspected illicit drugs buried on remote beach. Verify that coastal venues have accounted for sea-borne threats in their security postures. The new drug highway: Pacific islands at centre of cocaine trafficking boom. [13] Though there are international minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking, PNG’s laws are not adequately restrictive and there has been no significant action taken against perpetrators. An Oceanic city torn by poverty, joblessness, and cultural clashes, Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea is one of the most dangerous places in all of Oceania.After the independence of the country from Australia in 1975, Port Moresby came under the grasp of violent crime, much of which was carried out by the so-called "raskol" gangs. Outside of Port Moresby, local water supplies may be interrupted or polluted. The quality of care varies, but facilities in the larger towns are usually adequate for routine problems and some emergencies. A spike in kidnappings in 2008 and 2009 lent credence to these fears. Retrieved from, Harriman, B. PNG commonly acts as an intermediary for traffickers making their way from countries including South Africa and Latin America to Australia. The document was compiled from various Papua New Guinea 2019 Crime & Safety Report The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Papua New Guinea (PNG) at Level 2, indicating travelers should exercise increased caution. Bureau of Diplomatic Security Retrieved from, Lyons, K. (2019, June 24). Approximately 150 km wide, the Torres Strait connects Australia and the Province of Papua New Guinea,[19] acting as an international sea lane and transit point for smuggling drugs such as methamphetamine and cocaine. However, strategies to combat crime are largely influenced by the corruption of state officials. Retrieved February 21, 2020, from  www.jstor.org/stable/43390920, Kep, W. (2016, August 2). High unemployment rates, in combination with a lack of resources, infrastructure and government funding, is a significant contributor to poverty in Papua New Guinea. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) In most of the cases, the kidnappers were paid relatively small amounts. Human trafficking is real in PNG. Retrieved from, Kora, A. For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, is located in an active seismic region known as the “Ring of Fire.”. Acts of violence often result in retaliatory attacks. Criminals place a car seat with a fake baby or a lone, crying child by the road and wait for someone to stop and check on it. (2020). Fire and medical emergency services are typically undertrained and underfunded. According to the CDC, malaria is present throughout the country, especially at altitudes below 2,000 meters (6,561 feet). Airport: (675) 323-4700; A/H Mobile (675) 683-0305, PNG-wide toll-free (24-hours): 1801 911 / 76835227. The American Citizen Services (ACS) unit cannot recommend a particular individual or establishment and assumes no responsibility for the quality of services provided. This is due mainly to comprehensive security plans laid out by sponsoring countries/companies that include but are not limited to rules on movement; identification of high crime areas; security escorts; tracking devices; on-call response teams; housing alarms; 24/7 guard surveillance; and real-time threat reporting. Sophisticated criminal enterprises also exist, and their capabilities often exceed that of local law enforcement authorities. There is a greater risk of becoming the victim of violent crimes when traveling alone, especially when hiking in isolated rural areas. Travelers who are involved in an accident and feel threatened should go directly to the nearest police station. ... 2019 Q4: 157.73 2019 Q3: 156.51 Series Information. Failure by security officials to develop a comprehensive security plan significantly increases risk to their clients. (2019). Police have been unable to keep public order or prevent destruction of property. . With an influx of expatriate workers supporting the extraction industries, there have been concerns that the frequency of kidnappings could increase. The water supply is chlorinated and fluoridated in Port Moresby, but travelers should boil water before consumption. [28] Additional security resources in prime areas aim to decrease the impacts of lawlessness. Crime and human rights. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization aviation safety standards. Victims of crime may report or register a complaint at any police station in the jurisdiction where the crime occurred. Similarly, disregarding security protocols developed by one’s security officer significantly increases the likelihood that the individual will fall victim to a security incident. Exercise increased caution in Papua New Guinea due to COVID-19, crime, civil unrest, health concerns, natural disasters, and kidnapping.Some areas have increased risk. (2019, April 8). Port Moresby: A Big Squatter Settlement. Areas near the Panguna mine that have been officially designated “no go zones” by the Autonomous Government of Bougainville should be avoided. Further exacerbating this problem is the lack of police response and the challenges of evacuation ill or injured personnel from more remote regions. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed plus unemployed). Remember that safety precautions and emergency responses may not meet U.S. standards. South Pacifc Studies 38(2), 40-53. 28 February 2019. Cybercrime is relatively uncommon; however, the growing use of the internet and mobile technology brings with it an increased risk of cybercrime and threats to information security. 77.95. Raskol gangs engage in small and large-scale criminal activity and consist mainly of members with a limited or informal education and employment opportunities. Torres Strait. Papua New Guinea crime rate & statistics for 2008 was 8.90, a 14.1% increase from 2007. make it nearly impossible to properly screen candidates to any acceptable standard. Education certificate fraud is common, and private companies may face challenges verifying an applicant’s employment history, education, etc. For more information, please refer to OSAC’s Report, Traveling with Medications. Joint News Release. Authorities and government agencies exist in Papua New Guinea to combat both violent and non-violent forms of crime. 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